synergy | Decision 2728551 – Schwörer Haus KG v. S.C. Synergy Construct S.R.L.

OPPOSITION No B 2 728 551

Schwörer Haus KG, Hans Schwörer Str. 8, 72531 Hohenstein, Germany (opponent), represented by Sprenger Rechtsanwaltskanzlei, Kurfürstenwall 19, 45657 Recklinghausen, Germany (professional representative)

a g a i n s t

S.C. Synergy Construct S.R.L., Calea Floreasca 175, Unit A et. 9, Sector 1, Bucuresti, Romania (applicant).


On 20/06/2017, the Opposition Division takes the following


1.        Opposition No B 2 728 551 is rejected in its entirety.

2.        The opponent bears the costs.


The opponent filed an opposition against all the services of European Union trade mark application No 15 011 273 in Classes 35, 37 and 42. The opposition is based on German trade mark registration No 30 2014 022 645.6/19. The opponent invoked Article 8(1)(a) and (b) EUTMR.

Image representing the Mark


Earlier trade mark

Contested sign


According to Article 76(1) EUTMR, in proceedings before it the Office will examine the facts of its own motion; however, in proceedings relating to relative grounds for refusal of registration, the Office is restricted in this examination to the facts, evidence and arguments provided by the parties and the relief sought.

It follows that the Office cannot take into account any alleged rights for which the opponent does not submit appropriate evidence.

According to Rule 19(1) EUTMIR, the Office will give the opposing party the opportunity to present the facts, evidence and arguments in support of its opposition or to complete any facts, evidence or arguments that have already been submitted together with the notice of opposition, within a time limit specified by the Office.

According to Rule 19(2) EUTMIR, within the period referred to above, the opposing party must also file proof of the existence, validity and scope of protection of its earlier mark or earlier right, as well as evidence proving its entitlement to file the opposition.

In particular, if the opposition is based on a registered trade mark which is not a European Union trade mark, the opposing party must provide a copy of the relevant registration certificate and, as the case may be, of the latest renewal certificate, showing that the term of protection of the trade mark extends beyond the time limit referred to in paragraph 1 and any extension thereof, or equivalent documents emanating from the administration by which the trade mark was registered — Rule 19(2)(a)(ii) EUTMIR.

In the present case the notice of opposition was not accompanied by any evidence as regards the earlier trade mark on which the opposition is based.

On 20/10/2016 the opponent was given two months, commencing after the ending of the cooling-off period, to submit the abovementioned material. This time limit which was originally due to expire on 25/02/2017 was further extended at the request of the opponent until 25/04/2017.

Although the opponent submitted some documents within the above time limit.  it did not submit any evidence (i.e. trade mark certificate or extract from official database) concerning the substantiation of the earlier trade mark.

According to Rule 20(1) EUTMIR, if until expiry of the period referred to in Rule 19(1) EUTMIR the opposing party has not proven the existence, validity and scope of protection of its earlier mark or earlier right, as well as its entitlement to file the opposition, the opposition will be rejected as unfounded.

The opposition must therefore be rejected as unfounded.



According to Article 85(1) EUTMR, the losing party in opposition proceedings must bear the fees and costs incurred by the other party.

Since the opponent is the losing party, it must bear the costs incurred by the applicant in the course of these proceedings.

According to Rule 94(3) and Rule 94(7)(d)(ii) EUTMIR, the costs to be paid to the applicant are the costs of representation which are to be fixed on the basis of the maximum rate set therein. In the present case the applicant did not appoint a professional representative within the meaning of Article 93 EUTMR and therefore did not incur representation costs.

The Opposition Division




According to Article 59 EUTMR, any party adversely affected by this decision has a right to appeal against this decision. According to Article 60 EUTMR, notice of appeal must be filed in writing at the Office within two months of the date of notification of this decision. It must be filed in the language of the proceedings in which the decision subject to appeal was taken. Furthermore, a written statement of the grounds of appeal must be filed within four months of the same date. The notice of appeal will be deemed to be filed only when the appeal fee of EUR 720 has been paid.

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